indie Semiconductor Achieves Record Fourth Quarter and 2023 Results

February 22, 2024
  • Posts Q4 Revenue of $70.1M, up 112% Year-over-Year and 16% Sequentially
  • Expands Q4 Non-GAAP Gross Margin to 52.7%, up 50 Basis Points Year-over-Year
  • Delivers $223.2M in 2023 revenue, up 101% Year-over-Year
  • Extends ADAS, User Experience and EV Design Win Pipeline

indie Semiconductor, Inc. (Nasdaq: INDI), an Autotech solutions innovator, today announced fourth quarter and year end results for the period ended December 31, 2023. Fourth quarter revenue was up 112 percent from the same period a year ago and 16 percent sequentially to a record $70.1 million, within the Company’s prior guidance range. Non-GAAP gross margin expanded 50 basis points year-over-year to 52.7 percent, in-line with indie’s guidance for the period. On a GAAP basis, fourth quarter 2023 operating loss was $20.6 million compared to $29.0 million a year ago. Non-GAAP operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $2.4 million, versus $15.1 million during the same period last year, reflecting higher revenue, improving gross margin and operating expense leverage. Q4 GAAP loss per share was $0.09, while Non-GAAP loss per share was $0.01, consistent with indie’s guidance and consensus estimates.

Full year 2023 revenue was up 101 percent year-over-year to a record $223.2 million with non-GAAP gross margin expanding to 52.5 percent, a 260 basis point improvement over the prior year.

“indie continues to outexecute and outperform our industry peer group,” said Donald McClymont, indie’s co-founder and chief executive officer. “We more than doubled our top line for a third consecutive year in 2023 driven by increasing global demand for indie’s highly innovative semiconductor solutions spanning virtually all leading tier ones and vehicle OEMs. Further, we are at the unique intersection of vehicle safety systems, sensor fusion and Artificial Intelligence (AI) towards realizing our vision of the uncrashable car. While we are not immune from the current automotive end market weakness and the industry-wide inventory correction, we remain well positioned to demonstrate earnings power when the market recovers, to capitalize on the strategic Autotech opportunity, led by these exciting new technologies, and most importantly, to create shareholder value.”

Business Highlights

  • Recognized by Morgan Stanley as the fastest growing semiconductor company in the world over the past two years, among 224 global suppliers
  • Entered strategic partnership with Ficosa on AI-based automotive camera solutions
  • Unveiled breakthrough computer vision processors enabling viewing and sensing capability at the vehicle’s edge
  • Captured in-cabin monitoring programs at BMW, Ford, General Motors and Toyota
  • Secured smart connectivity wins at one of the world’s leading Electric Vehicle (EV) OEMs

Q1 2024 Outlook

We provide guidance on a non-GAAP basis only because certain information necessary to reconcile such results and guidance to GAAP is difficult to estimate and dependent on future events outside of our control and, therefore, is not available without unreasonable efforts. Please refer to the attached Discussion Regarding the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures in this press release for a further discussion of our use of non-GAAP measures.

“For the first quarter of 2024, we expect indie’s revenue to be up 38 percent year-over-year but down 20 percent sequentially, reflecting market seasonality and current industry softness,” said Thomas Schiller, indie’s chief financial officer and executive vice president of strategy. “Looking forward, based on our new product pipeline, we anticipate Q1 to be a trough quarter with top line recovery in Q2 and a resumption of outsized sequential growth in Q3 and Q4, yielding a profitability baseline in the second half of this year, ahead of our significant Radar and Vision ramps in 2025.”

indie’s Q4 2023 Conference Call

indie Semiconductor will host a conference call with analysts to discuss its fourth quarter and 2023 results and business outlook today at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time. To listen to the conference call via the Internet, please go to the Financials tab on the Investors page of indie’s website. To listen to the conference call via telephone, please call (877)-451-6152 (domestic) or (201)-389-0879 (international), Conference ID: 13743878.

A replay of the conference call will be available beginning at 9:00 p.m. Eastern time on February 22, 2024 until 11:59 p.m. Eastern time on March 7, 2024 under the Financials tab on the Investors page of indie’s website, or by calling (844) 512-2921 (domestic) or (412) 317-6671 (international), Replay Pin Number: 13743878.

About indie

indie is empowering the Autotech revolution with next generation automotive semiconductors and software platforms. We focus on developing innovative, high-performance and energy-efficient technology for ADAS, user experience and electrification applications. Our mixed-signal SoCs enable edge sensors spanning Radar, LiDAR, Ultrasound, and Computer Vision, while our embedded system control, power management and interfacing solutions transform the in-cabin experience and accelerate increasingly automated and electrified vehicles. We are an approved vendor to Tier 1 partners and our solutions can be found in marquee automotive OEMs worldwide. Headquartered in Aliso Viejo, CA, indie has design centers and regional support offices across the United States, Canada, Argentina, Scotland, England, Germany, Hungary, Morocco, Israel, Japan, South Korea, Switzerland and China.

Please visit us at www.indiesemi.com to learn more.

Safe Harbor Statement

This communication contains “forward-looking statements” (including within the meaning of Section 21E of the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended). Such statements can be identified by words such as “will likely result,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “believe,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “outlook,” “should,” “could,” “may” or words of similar meaning and include, but are not limited to, the preliminary financial results for our fourth quarter and full year 2023 included in this press release; statements regarding our future business and financial performance and prospects, including expectations regarding our guidance for top line recovery and growth, non-GAAP financial metrics such as gross margin, operating income (loss) and EBITDA, expectations regarding the conditions of the automotive end market and industry-wide inventory corrections, our belief regarding the resumption of sequential growth in Q3 and Q4 2023 yielding a profitability baseline in the second half of 2024, and our anticipated program wins and ability to gain design win momentum across ADAS, user experience and vehicle electrification applications and capitalize on the strategic Autotech opportunity to create shareholder value. Such forward-looking statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of our management and are inherently subject to significant business, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are difficult to predict and generally beyond our control. Actual results and the timing of events may differ materially from the results included in such forward-looking statements. The preliminary unaudited financial results for our fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2023 included in this press release represent the most current information available to management. Our actual results when disclosed in the Form 10-K may differ from these preliminary results due to the completion of our financial audit. In addition to the factors previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the SEC on March 28, 2023 and in our other public reports filed with the SEC (including those identified under “Risk Factors” therein), the following factors, among others, could cause actual results and the timing of events to differ materially from the anticipated results or other expectations expressed in the forward-looking statements: macroeconomic conditions, including inflation, rising interest rates and volatility in the credit and financial markets; the impacts of the ongoing conflicts in Ukraine and the Middle East, our reliance on contract manufacturing and outsourced supply chain and the availability of semiconductors and manufacturing capacity; competitive products and pricing pressures; our ability to win competitive bid selection processes and achieve additional design wins; the impact of recent acquisitions made and any other acquisitions we may make, including our ability to successfully integrate acquired businesses and risks that the anticipated benefits of any acquisitions may not be fully realized or take longer to realize than expected; our ability to develop, market and gain acceptance for new and enhanced products and expand into new technologies and markets; trade restrictions and trade tensions; and political or economic instability in our target markets. All forward-looking statements in this press release are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements.

Investors are cautioned not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements in this press release, which information set forth herein speaks only as of the date hereof. We do not undertake, and we expressly disclaim, any intention or obligation to update any forward-looking statements made in this announcement or in our other public filings, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

#indieSemi_Earnings

INDIE SEMICONDUCTOR, INC.

PRELIMINARY CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenue:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Product revenue

$

63,153

 

 

$

26,494

 

 

$

195,624

 

 

$

89,457

 

Contract revenue

 

6,980

 

 

 

6,533

 

 

 

27,545

 

 

 

21,340

 

Total revenue

 

70,133

 

 

 

33,027

 

 

 

223,169

 

 

 

110,797

 

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of goods sold

 

42,236

 

 

 

16,151

 

 

 

133,606

 

 

 

60,491

 

Research and development

 

34,162

 

 

 

33,002

 

 

 

154,388

 

 

 

121,197

 

Selling, general, and administrative

 

14,364

 

 

 

12,834

 

 

 

69,656

 

 

 

48,237

 

Total operating expenses

 

90,762

 

 

 

61,987

 

 

 

357,650

 

 

 

229,925

 

Loss from operations

 

(20,629

)

 

 

(28,960

)

 

 

(134,481

)

 

 

(119,128

)

Other income (expense), net:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

 

1,654

 

 

 

1,747

 

 

 

7,801

 

 

 

2,567

 

Interest expense

 

(2,116

)

 

 

(1,201

)

 

 

(8,650

)

 

 

(1,692

)

Gain from change in fair value of warrants

 

13,692

 

 

 

6,474

 

 

 

7,066

 

 

 

55,069

 

Gain (loss) from change in fair value of contingent considerations and acquisition related holdbacks

 

(7,193

)

 

 

5,922

 

 

 

(2,985

)

 

 

9,468

 

Other expense

 

(912

)

 

 

(110

)

 

 

(1,175

)

 

 

(107

)

Total other income, net

 

5,125

 

 

 

12,832

 

 

 

2,057

 

 

 

65,305

 

Net loss before income taxes

 

(15,504

)

 

 

(16,128

)

 

 

(132,424

)

 

 

(53,823

)

Income tax benefit

 

1,820

 

 

 

370

 

 

 

4,534

 

 

 

1,035

 

Net loss

 

(13,684

)

 

 

(15,758

)

 

 

(127,890

)

 

 

(52,788

)

Less: Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interest

 

426

 

 

 

(3,366

)

 

 

(10,810

)

 

 

(9,388

)

Net loss attributable to indie Semiconductor, Inc.

$

(14,110

)

 

$

(12,392

)

 

$

(117,080

)

 

$

(43,400

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to common shares — basic

$

(14,110

)

 

$

(12,392

)

 

$

(117,080

)

 

$

(43,400

)

Net loss attributable to common shares — diluted

$

(14,110

)

 

$

(12,392

)

 

$

(117,080

)

 

$

(43,400

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss per share attributable to common shares — basic

$

(0.09

)

 

$

(0.10

)

 

$

(0.81

)

 

$

(0.37

)

Net loss per share attributable to common shares — diluted

$

(0.09

)

 

$

(0.10

)

 

$

(0.81

)

 

$

(0.37

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — basic

 

159,996,055

 

 

 

125,762,839

 

 

 

145,188,867

 

 

 

118,660,785

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding — diluted

 

159,996,055

 

 

 

125,762,839

 

 

 

145,188,867

 

 

 

118,660,785

 

INDIE SEMICONDUCTOR, INC.

PRELIMINARY CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Amounts in thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

December 31,

2023

 

December 31,

2022

Assets

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

151,678

 

 

$

321,629

 

Restricted cash

 

 

 

 

250

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

63,602

 

 

 

26,441

 

Inventory, net

 

33,141

 

 

 

13,256

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

23,399

 

 

 

12,290

 

Total current assets

 

271,820

 

 

 

373,866

 

Property and equipment, net

 

26,966

 

 

 

15,829

 

Intangible assets, net

 

208,134

 

 

 

63,117

 

Goodwill

 

294,310

 

 

 

136,463

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

 

13,790

 

 

 

12,055

 

Other assets and deposits

 

3,070

 

 

 

2,021

 

Total assets

$

818,090

 

 

$

603,351

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and stockholders' equity

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$

18,405

 

 

$

14,186

 

Accrued payroll liabilities

 

6,621

 

 

 

11,541

 

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

 

21,410

 

 

 

10,659

 

Contingent considerations

 

83,903

 

 

 

2,500

 

Intangible asset contract liability

 

4,429

 

 

 

9,377

 

Current debt obligations

 

4,106

 

 

 

15,700

 

Total current liabilities

 

138,874

 

 

 

63,963

 

Long-term debt, net of current portion

 

156,735

 

 

 

155,699

 

Warrant liability

 

 

 

 

45,398

 

Intangible asset contract liability, net of current portion

 

 

 

 

4,177

 

Deferred tax liabilities, non-current

 

12,910

 

 

 

7,823

 

Operating lease liability, non-current

 

10,850

 

 

 

10,115

 

Other long-term liabilities

 

21,695

 

 

 

1,844

 

Total liabilities

$

341,064

 

 

$

289,019

 

Commitments and contingencies

 

 

 

Stockholders' equity

 

 

 

Preferred stock

$

 

 

$

 

Class A common stock

 

16

 

 

 

13

 

Class V common stock

 

2

 

 

 

2

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

812,164

 

 

 

568,564

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(360,896

)

 

 

(243,816

)

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

 

(6,170

)

 

 

(11,951

)

indie's stockholders' equity

 

445,116

 

 

 

312,812

 

Noncontrolling interest

 

31,910

 

 

 

1,520

 

Total stockholders' equity

 

477,026

 

 

 

314,332

 

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

818,090

 

 

$

603,351

 

INDIE SEMICONDUCTOR, INC.

RECONCILIATION OF PRELIMINARY NON-GAAP MEASURES TO GAAP

(Unaudited)

GAAP refers to financial information presented in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. This press release includes non-GAAP financial measures, as defined in Regulation G promulgated by the Securities and Exchange Commission. We believe that our presentation of non-GAAP financial measures provides useful supplementary information to investors. The presentation of non-GAAP financial measures is not meant to be considered in isolation from or as a substitute for results prepared in accordance with GAAP.

The reconciliations of our preliminary GAAP to non-GAAP measures are as follows (in thousands, except share and per share amounts):

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Computation of non-GAAP gross margin:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP revenue

$

70,133

 

 

$

33,027

 

 

$

223,169

 

 

$

110,797

 

GAAP cost of goods sold

 

42,236

 

 

 

16,151

 

 

 

133,606

 

 

 

60,491

 

Acquisition-related expenses

 

(5,983

)

 

 

(270

)

 

 

(11,967

)

 

 

(1,130

)

Amortization of intangible assets

 

(1,580

)

 

 

(20

)

 

 

(12,509

)

 

 

(3,717

)

Inventory cost realignments

 

(1,413

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2,778

)

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

(111

)

 

 

(67

)

 

 

(360

)

 

 

(148

)

Non-GAAP gross profit

$

36,984

 

 

$

17,233

 

 

$

117,177

 

 

$

55,301

 

Non-GAAP gross margin

 

52.7

%

 

 

52.2

%

 

 

52.5

%

 

 

49.9

%

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Computation of non-GAAP operating loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GAAP loss from operations

$

(20,629

)

 

$

(28,960

)

 

$

(134,481

)

 

$

(119,128

)

Acquisition-related expenses

 

8,538

 

 

 

2,494

 

 

 

19,417

 

 

 

6,848

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,892

 

 

 

1,252

 

 

 

19,624

 

 

 

6,952

 

Inventory cost realignments

 

1,413

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,778

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

6,371

 

 

 

10,145

 

 

 

44,082

 

 

 

40,990

 

Non-GAAP operating loss

$

(2,415

)

 

$

(15,069

)

 

$

(48,580

)

 

$

(64,338

)

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Computation of non-GAAP net loss:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(13,684

)

 

$

(15,758

)

 

$

(127,890

)

 

$

(52,788

)

Acquisition-related expenses

 

8,538

 

 

 

2,494

 

 

 

19,417

 

 

 

6,848

 

Amortization of intangible assets

 

1,892

 

 

 

1,252

 

 

 

19,624

 

 

 

6,952

 

Inventory cost realignments

 

1,413

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,778

 

 

 

 

Share-based compensation

 

6,371

 

 

 

10,145

 

 

 

44,082

 

 

 

40,990

 

Gain from change in fair value of warrants

 

(13,692

)

 

 

(6,474

)

 

 

(7,066

)

 

 

(55,069

)

(Gain) loss from change in fair value of contingent considerations and acquisition-related holdbacks

 

7,193

 

 

 

(5,922

)

 

 

2,985

 

 

 

(9,468

)

Other expense

 

912

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,175

 

 

 

 

Non-cash interest expense

 

274

 

 

 

191

 

 

 

995

 

 

 

417

 

Income taxes benefits

 

(1,820

)

 

 

(370

)

 

 

(4,534

)

 

 

(1,035

)

Non-GAAP net loss

$

(2,603

)

 

$

(14,442

)

 

$

(48,434

)

 

$

(63,153

)

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended

December 31,

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

 

 

2023

 

 

 

2022

 

Computation of Non-GAAP EBITDA:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

$

(13,684

)

 

$

(15,758

)

 

$

(127,890

)

 

$

(52,788

)

Interest income

 

(1,654

)

 

 

(1,747

)

 

 

(7,801

)

 

 

(2,567

)

Interest expense

 

2,116

 

 

 

1,201

 

 

 

8,650

 

 

 

1,692

 

Gain from change in fair value of warrants

 

(13,692

)

 

 

(6,474

)

 

 

(7,066

)

 

 

(55,069

)

(Gain) loss from change in fair value of contingent considerations and acquisition-related holdbacks

 

7,193

 

 

 

(5,922

)

 

 

2,985

 

 

 

(9,468

)

Other expenses

 

912

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,175

 

 

 

 

Income taxes benefits

 

(1,820

)

 

 

(370

)

 

 

(4,534

)

 

 

(1,035

)

Depreciation and amortization

 

3,344

 

 

 

2,052

 

 

 

24,192

 

 

 

9,082

 

Stock-based compensation

 

6,371

 

 

 

10,145

 

 

 

44,082

 

 

 

40,990

 

Inventory cost realignments

 

1,413

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,778

 

 

 

 

Acquisition-related expenses

 

8,538

 

 

 

2,494

 

 

 

19,417

 

 

 

6,848

 

Non-GAAP EBITDA

$

(963

)

 

$

(14,379

)

 

$

(44,012

)

 

$

(62,315

)

 

Three Months Ended

December 31, 2023

Computation of non-GAAP share count:

 

Weighted Average Class A common stock - Basic

 

159,996,055

 

Weighted Average Class V common stock - Basic

 

18,929,115

 

Escrow Shares

 

1,725,000

 

TeraXion Unexercised Options

 

924,680

 

Non-GAAP share count

 

181,574,850

 

 

 

Non-GAAP net loss attributable to indie Semiconductor, Inc.

$

(2,603

)

Non-GAAP net loss per share

$

(0.01

)

Discussion Regarding the Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Our earnings release contains some or all of the following financial measures that have not been calculated in accordance with United States Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”): (i) non-GAAP gross profit and gross margin, (ii) non-GAAP operating loss, (iii) non-GAAP net loss, (iv) non-GAAP EBITDA, (v) non-GAAP share count and (v) non-GAAP net loss per share. As set forth in the tables above, we derive such non-GAAP financial measures by excluding certain expenses and other items from the respective GAAP financial measure that is most directly comparable to each non-GAAP financial measure. Management may use these non-GAAP financial measures to, amongst other things, evaluate operating performance and compare it against past periods or against peer companies, make operating decisions, forecast for future periods and to determine payments under compensation programs. These non-GAAP financial measures provide management with additional means to understand and evaluate the operating results and trends in our ongoing business by eliminating certain expenses and other items that management believes might otherwise make comparisons of our ongoing business with prior periods and competitors more difficult, obscure trends in ongoing operations or improve management’s ability to forecast future periods.

We provide investors with non-GAAP gross profit and gross margin, non-GAAP operating loss, non-GAAP net loss and non-GAAP net loss per share because we believe it is important for investors to be able to closely monitor and understand changes in our ability to generate income from ongoing business operations. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures give investors an additional method to evaluate historical operating performance and identify trends, an additional means of evaluating period-over-period operating performance and a method to facilitate certain comparisons of our operating results to those of our peer companies. We further believe these non-GAAP financial measures allow investors to assess the overall financial performance of our ongoing operations by eliminating the impact of (i) acquisition-related expenses (including acquisition-related professional fees and legal expenses, deemed compensation expense and expenses recognized in relation to changes in contingent consideration obligations), (ii) amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and certain license rights, (iii) inventory cost realignments, (iv) gains or losses recognized in relation to changes in the fair value of warrants, contingent considerations issued by indie, acquisition-related holdbacks and unrealized gains or losses from currency hedging contracts, (v) non-cash interest expenses related to the amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs, (vi) share-based compensation, and (vii) income tax benefit (expenses). We believe that disclosing these non-GAAP financial measures contributes to enhanced financial reporting transparency and provides investors with added clarity about complex financial performance measures.

We do not report a GAAP measure of gross profit or gross margin because certain costs related to contract revenues are expensed as incurred and included in research and development expenses, and not in cost of sales, as it is not practicable for us to bifurcate these expenses. We derive and reconcile non-GAAP gross profit from the most relevant GAAP financial measures by subtracting GAAP cost of sales, adjusted for acquisition-related expenses and share-based compensation, from GAAP revenue. We calculate non-GAAP operating loss by excluding from GAAP operating loss, any (i) acquisition-related expenses (including acquisition-related professional fees and legal expenses, deemed compensation expense and expenses recognized in relation to changes in contingent consideration obligations), (ii) amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and certain license rights, (iii) inventory cost realignments and (iv) share-based compensation. We calculate non-GAAP net loss by excluding from GAAP net income (loss), any (i) acquisition-related expenses (including acquisition-related professional fees and legal expenses, deemed compensation expense and expenses recognized in relation to changes in contingent consideration obligations), (ii) amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and certain license rights, (iii) inventory cost realignments, (iv) gains or losses recognized in relation to changes in the fair value of warrants, contingent considerations issued by indie, acquisition-related holdbacks and unrealized gains or losses from currency hedging contracts, (v) non-cash interest expenses related to the amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs, (vi) share-based compensation, and (vii) income tax benefit (expenses). We calculate non-GAAP share count by adding to GAAP weighted average common share outstanding (i) weighted average Class A common stock, (ii) weighted average Class V common stock, (iii) Escrow Shares and (iv) vested but unexercised options issued as part of the TeraXion acquisition. Non-GAAP net loss per share is calculated by non-GAAP loss divided by non-GAAP share count.

We exclude the items identified above from the respective non-GAAP financial measure referenced above for the reasons set forth with respect to each such excluded item below:

Acquisition-related expenses - including such items as, when applicable, fair value charges incurred upon the sale of acquired inventory, accounting impact to the cost of goods sold due to one-time inventory costing realignment with a specific supplier and acquisition-related professional fees and legal expenses because they are not considered by management in making operating decisions and we believe that such expenses do not have a direct correlation to our future business operations and thereby including such charges do not necessarily reflect the performance of our ongoing operations for the period in which such charges or reversals are incurred.

Amortization expenses - related to the amortization expense for acquired intangible assets and certain license rights.

Depreciation expenses - related to the depreciation expenses for all property and equipment on hand.

Inventory cost realignments - related to the supplier allocation premiums introduced during COVID that is currently incorporated in our inventory cost but have since been eliminated going forward. The impact of this premium is deemed non-recurring and therefore not considered by management in its evaluation of the ongoing performance of the business.

Share-based compensation - related to the non-cash compensation expense associated with equity awards granted to our employees (including those granted in lieu of cash compensation) and employer tax related to employee stock transactions. These expenses are not considered by management in making operating decisions and such expenses do not have a direct correlation to our future business operations.

Gain (loss) from change in fair values - because these adjustments (1) are not considered by management in making operating decisions, (2) are not directly controlled by management, (3) do not necessarily reflect the performance of our ongoing operations for the period in which such charges are recognized and (4) cannot make comparisons between peer company performance less reliable.

Non-cash interest expense - related to the amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs because (1) these expenses are not considered by management in making decision with respect to financing decisions, and (2) these generally reflect non-cash costs.

Income tax benefit (expense) - related to the estimated income tax benefit (expense) that does not result in a current period tax refunds (payments).

The non-GAAP financial measures presented should not be considered in isolation and are not an alternative for the respective GAAP financial measure that is most directly comparable to each such non-GAAP financial measure. Investors are cautioned against placing undue reliance on these non-GAAP financial measures and are urged to review and consider carefully the adjustments made by management to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures to arrive at these non-GAAP financial measures. Non-GAAP financial measures may have limited value as analytical tools because they may exclude certain expenses that some investors consider important in evaluating our operating performance or ongoing business performance. Further, non-GAAP financial measures are likely to have limited value for purposes of drawing comparisons between companies as a result of different companies potentially calculating similarly titled non-GAAP financial measures in different ways because non-GAAP measures are not based on any comprehensive set of accounting rules or principles.

Beginning in Q4 2023, management added non-GAAP EBITDA, which removes non-recurring, irregular and one-time items that may distort EBITDA, to the current non-GAAP financial measures. We will calculate non-GAAP EBITDA by excluding from GAAP net income (loss), any (i) acquisition-related expenses (including acquisition-related professional fees and legal expenses, deemed compensation expense and expenses recognized in relation to changes in contingent consideration obligations), (ii) amortization of acquisition-related intangibles and certain license rights, (iii) depreciation of property, plant and equipment, (iv) inventory cost realignments, (v) gains or losses recognized in relation to changes in the fair value of warrants, contingent considerations issued by indie, acquisition-related holdbacks and unrealized gains or losses from currency hedging contracts, (vi) non-cash interest expenses related to the amortization of debt discounts and issuance costs, (vii) share-based compensation, and (viii) income tax benefit (expenses).

To the extent our disclosures contain forward-looking estimates of non-GAAP financial measures, such as our forward-looking outlook for non-GAAP EBITDA, these measures are provided to investors on a prospective basis for the same reasons (set forth above) we provide them to investors on a historical basis. We are generally unable to provide a reconciliation of our forward-looking non-GAAP measures because certain information needed to make a reasonable forward-looking estimate of such non-GAAP measures are difficult to predict and estimate and is often dependent on future events that may be uncertain or outside of our control and, therefore, is not available without unreasonable efforts. Such events may include unanticipated changes in our GAAP effective tax rate, unanticipated one-time charges related to asset impairments (fixed assets, inventory, intangibles, or goodwill), unanticipated acquisition-related expenses, unanticipated settlements, gains, losses and impairments and other unanticipated items not reflective of ongoing operations. Our forward-looking estimates of both GAAP and non-GAAP measures of our financial performance may differ materially from our actual results and should not be relied upon as statements of fact.

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Source: indie Semiconductor